It's been around for 40 years. Let's demystify HIV.


HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus that attacks the CD4 white blood cells within our body.  These cells make up the main component of our body’s immune system. Our immune system defends us when a virus invades our body.  However, when someone is HIV positive, their immune defense system is compromised. 

The HIV virus that resides within a HIV positive person are not completely eradicated. As a result,
our immune system is weakened and we have difficulty fighting germs and infections. Thus, a simple infection can be dangerous and life-threatening to a HIV positive person. 

Today, people who are HIV positive can still lead prolonged healthy lives due to advances in modern healthcare.


There are three stages of HIV; namely Stage 1 (Acute Stage), Stage 2 (Chronic Stage) and Stage 3 (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome - AIDS Stage).

Stage 1 (Acute Stage) occurs immediately upon exposure where people feel symptoms similar to flu, or sometimes not at all. Indeed, as HIV can manifest differently among
people, getting tested is very important. 
During this initial stage, the HIV content in your blood is extremely high, and you may inadvertently pass on the virus to others.  Therefore, testing must be a priority upon HIV exposure to determine your health status.

Stage 2 (Chronic Stage)
occurs after the initial infection. People may not develop any symptoms nor
encounter any health problems for even years thereafter provided they adopt a healthy lifestyle. Therefore, blood tests are an effective way to verify the HIV content within the body, how transmittable it may be, and how well the treatment progresses in arresting the HIV virus.

Stage 3 (AIDS Stage) occurs if a HIV positive person does not receive immediate medical intervention and proper treatment. A person is deemed as infected with HIV if their CD4 cell count is 200
cells or less. Their immune system is seriously affected and will leave them severely vulnerable to major illnesses. 

Early detection via regular testing is a crucial and key factor in order to avoid reaching Stage 3.


Here are some examples of high-risk events:

  • Engaging in unprotected sex (anal and vaginal) and sharing of sexual paraphernalia  (In Malaysia, 90% of HIV diagnosed people contract HIV via sexual transmission - Country Progress Report 2019).  
  • Sharing of intravenous needles and syringes
  • Mother-to-child transmission during pregnancy, birth and breastfeeding
  • Receiving unsafe injections, blood transfusion and organ/tissue transplant
  • Utilising unsterilized equipment when undergoing medical procedures
  • Exposing oneself to accidental needle pricks (especially prevalent among health care personnel)

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  1. Accurate – AwarerHOME™
    HIV Oral Self Test is the same HIV oral test device used by many physicians in clinics and hospitals for HIV screening.
  2. Simple – AwarerHOME™
    HIV Oral Self Test is easy to use, painless and can be used discretely and comfortably in a private location.
  3. Privacy – AwarerHOME™
    HIV Oral Self Test guarantees complete anonymity. Your identity is safeguarded as you are not required to consult a physician, nor report your test results to any parties. 

AwarerHOME™ HIV Oral Self Test is encouraged to be used unsupervised by any individuals 18 years and older.

  • Everyone above the age of 18 should get tested for HIV at least once in their lifetime.

  • For individuals who engage in high-risk activities, e.g.
    1. Sexually active individuals, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender;
    2. Individuals who share needles to inject drugs;
    3. Individuals who perceive themselves as at risk and have never undergone HIV screening or been diagnosed with HIV,
    testing should be done more frequently, at least once a year.

  • It is also recommended for all pregnant women to get tested to prevent mother-to-child transmission and ensure proper care for both the mother and the baby.

AwarerHOME™ HIV Oral Self Test is able to detect an HIV infection if exposure to the virus has been more than 3 months. If risk event is less than 3 months, you should get tested at an HIV Testing Centre (private clinic or hospital) or any government healthcare facility.

AwarerHOME™ HIV Oral Self Test is safe for use in pregnancy and breastfeeding.

AwarerHOME™ HIV Oral Self Test has a sensitivity of 99.23%, correctly detecting an HIV infection in over 99 out of 100 tests. The test has a specificity of 100.00%, which means that it almost never delivers a wrong result by saying someone has HIV when they don’t.

Check the results of the test cassette. If you see a line at the “C” region, it means the test is working as intended.

A false negative result can be caused by:

  1. Testing too soon (exposure within the last 3 months)
  2. Antiretroviral therapy (ARV)
  3. Incorrect testing technique
  4. User misinterpretation

A false positive result can be caused by:

  1. Pregnancy (<2%) and other medical conditions e.g. systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic renal failure; as well as tetanus and influenza vaccinations
  2. Incorrect testing technique
  3. User misinterpretation 

Place the oral swab only along the upper and lower gum lines to collect oral fluid, NOT saliva.

You will need to remove the denture, wash off any adhesive paste on your gums and wait for 30 minutes before performing the AwarerHOME™ HIV Oral Self Test.

You are NOT obligated to report your AwarerHOME™ HIV Oral Self Test results to any parties.

For Malaysia- If you wish to, you can submit your test results on the “TEST NOW” platform anonymously for data collection and analysis purposes. The website also provides basic information on HIV and a list of healthcare institutions you can go to for further assistance.


Furthermore, the result of this test kit is NOT conclusive. To confirm your HIV status, you may get a confirmatory laboratory test at a clinic or hospital.

Most clinics and hospitals in Malaysia as well as in other countries offer confirmatory HIV laboratory testing. After conducting HIV self-testing, you may wish to select an institution that you are most comfortable with to get tested
if necessary.

If your physician at a private clinic/ hospital conducts a preliminary HIV screening test or an anonymous rapid HIV test, your results will NOT be reported.

If you proceed to do a confirmatory HIV antigen or antibody test at private clinic/ private hospital and your test results are positive -  therefore confirming the diagnosis of HIV infection - your test results and identity will need to be notified to the Ministry of Health (MOH). 

Measures will be taken to keep your results confidential and only known to the physician who is serving you. Your information kept by the government and the healthcare
institution will not be disclosed to other parties without your consent.

It's important to note that reporting rules for HIV testing and diagnosis may vary in different countries. Some countries may require mandatory reporting of HIV cases to public health authorities, while others may have laws protecting patient confidentiality. Therefore, if you are seeking HIV testing or treatment in a different country, it's advisable to familiarise yourself with the local regulations and policies regarding HIV testing and reporting to ensure that you understand how your personal information will be handled.

Scientists and medical experts agree that HIV does not survive well outside the body. This means that the risk of environmental transmission (spread) is remote. Therefore, if someone came into direct contact with your test stick, there is extremely little risk of transmitting HIV to them. Contact with saliva has never been shown to result in the transmission of HIV. Because your test result is positive you will need a second test to confirm your HIV status. Please see your physician or a healthcare provider to obtain a follow-up test in a medical setting. A doctor, clinic, or healthcare professional must confirm your AwarerHOME™
HIV Oral Self Test. Until your result is confirmed, be sure to take precautions to avoid any chance of spreading HIV. In particular, you should avoid all sexual activities until you know your HIV status. You can dispose of the test in general waste; no extra precautions are necessary.